Kia Ora, and welcome t0 our Koanga Gardens Fruit Tree Catalogue 2017
It is very obvious to us that there will not be enough fruit trees to meet all of your requirements this winter.
We have had a smaller nursery for many reasons (mainly me being far to stretched!!) plus we had a bad drought last Spring/Summer. We know some of you will be disappointed and we’re sorry for that. We have however made a lot of progress in this area. We now have a new Nursery Manager (Murray Neverman) and we are right now building up for an amazing season next year.
We are planning to have a far larger number of new and wonderful trees and we’ll keep in touch with you on that throughout the year.
Our nursery is a great example of how alive and vital things can feel when you work with the laws nature and are building soil and energy. The links for the trees will be at the bottom of the page however we do encourage that you read the information on this page before proceeding.
We welcome you to join us for our Koanga Tree Week next Spring. this week will cover both designing a forest garden as well as how to propagate ones own trees.
Have great planting season and check out our planting trees guide and our tree health guide links at the end of this article.
This is a very special collection of NZ heritage plant material, gifted to us by the gardeners of this land. We believe every tree in this catalogue to be worthy of a special place in our lives today, for one reason or another. All trees in this catalogue have been organically grown by hand in a way that regenerates the land they were grown in. We’ll send the planting instructions with your trees, so you can also plant them well, ensuring strong healthy growth and maximum nutrient dense fruit production.
These trees have mostly been grown in Open Ground situation and marked with a white dot on the North side of the trunk, so that you too can plant these trees in the same alignment. Trees grow their main roots along the earth’s magnetic field and they grow far better if they are planted in that same alignment as they were in the nursery. The white dots allow you to do that. These trees will come to you bare rooted, and must be top pruned by you to the shape you choose. There are also trees that have been grown in rootrainers, which will not come barerooted. A few of our trees are as described individually in potting bags.
Many of the trees offered here are from our Northern Bioregional collection. These trees have naturalised in the North where the winters are warm, and they have been through a 150 year process of natural and human selection in that climate. The significance of this is that they fruit well in warm winters. Cultivars with the same name grown south of the Bombay Hills and taken north, do not. That is the reason Kay began saving these old trees.
One of the good things about having this collection is that you can now buy trees that will fruit well in Northland, but we also now know they do very well when taken south again. Martin Crawford of Forest Garden fame in England is recommending that we should all be planting our orchards these days with fruit trees that came from 2 climate zones north of where we are, so that they will fruit in the future in warmer winters!
In the stone fruit section of our catalogue you will notice we now offer more and more cultivars as seedlings. We are doing this because we believe them to be a superior way to grow our genetically stable heritage varieties. Modern peaches do not grow true in the same way, and so we trial all cultivars before offering them to you. The trees are stronger and more disease resistant, but grow in size to be somewhere in between the smaller Marianna rootstock and the larger peach rootstock. We tip the central leaders in the nursery to produce a low branched tree most suitable for home gardeners.
This collection of NZ heritage berries has mostly come to us from many people around New Zealand, however a significant part of the collection came from Henry Harrington. A growing part of the collection is from a member and Koanga Seed Curator, Wendy Evans, who lives near Wellington and collects heritage berries. She has named her collections after the places she found them. All these berries are grown from cuttings.
The olives in our collection come from the Pouto area. Over the years these trees have had a lot of attention, and many have been tested for oil quality etc. The oldest tree was carbon dated in 1970 to be 200 years old. The local stories say that these olives came with the Portuguese and Spanish whalers and explorers in the 16th – 17th centuries. There are many ancient trees naturalised, self seeding and suckering in the area. We have selected what Logan Forrest considers to be the best dual purpose oil/pickling olive, and the largest Greek type pickling olive to make available to you.
Finally, Forest Gardens are orchards designed in such a way so the needs of the heavy bearing heavy feeding fruit trees are taken care of in the design, for more information Go to Design Your Own Orchard or Design Your Own Forest Garden Booklet.
We do this by:
- Ensuring no more than 60% of the canopy space is taken up by heavy feeders. We prefer 40%.
- For every square metre of heavy feeder canopy there is 0.8 of a square metre of nitrogen fixer.
- For every square metre of heavy feeder there is 1 comfrey plant.
- You have all 7 layers of the forest garden present.
- You have as wide a range of mineral accumulators present.
- For more details about this see the Koanga Design Your Own Forest Garden Booklet.