January Moon Calendar

JANUARY 2022

NEW MOON 3rd January

Garden

  • Water carefully, using fingers to make sure the ground is getting wet where you need the moisture .. critical, after taking care of your crops to this point don’t lose your harvest for lack of watering
  • Harvest garlic, dry out of sun, then clean and select your mother seed for next year
  • Harvest onions and shallots, dry out of sun , then select mother seed and store separately
  • Sow late and glasshouse crops of cucumbers, courgettes, beans, basil where you have either a long season or a greenhouse
  • Plan and sow seed for autumn crops like cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, silver beet, spinach, celery, carrots, beetroot, endive, Brussels sprouts, kale, swedes and turnips, lettuce, radish, and daikon
  • Weed and prepare beds as they come empty ensuring you have checked your garden planner and have your next set of seedlings ready to go in
  • Continue feeding where necessary to maintain growth, the better your soil gets the less you will have to do this
  • Transplant brassicas and leeks into garden for Autumn Winter use.. ensure you cover all brassicas with row crop cover or frost cloth to keep off super hot sun and white butterflies.
  • Sow seed for late Summer flowering, zinnia, sunflower, marigold, cosmos, aster dahlia
  • Sow seeds for Autumn/Winter early  spring  flowering—snapdragon, calendula, sweet William, hollyhock, granny’s bonnets, cineraria, primrose and polyanthus
  • Thresh dried flax seeds and store
  • Clean dried peas and store
  • Either dry or freeze excess broad beans for future use
  • Begin processing excess tomatoes
  • Excess sugar snap peas make excellent ferments
  • Be thinking about how you will find ramial wood chip to fork into top 5cm of beds where lupins are being planted this Autumn to feed beds and raise humus content

Perennials

  • Stop picking asparagus to let it recover ready for next year
  • Perennials are finishing now, time to water well, feed and mulch well and lay to bed to regenerate and gain strength for next season
  • Watering and feeding comfrey and alfalfa beds now will ensure far more growth over Summer mulching with ramial wood chip once a year would be great fert as well as mulch
  • You might want to harvest your asparagus seed from the female plants to avoid birds spreading it everywhere
  • Keep removing flower heads from Welsh Bunching onions to keep them growing, they need lots of water and nutrition
  • Use loppers to cut out spent globe artichoke stalks to enable new shoots to come up, will encourage an Autumn crop
  • Day Lilies at their colourful best, remember they have highly edible buds

Forest Garden

  • Now is the time to feed your fruit trees as availability of balanced and high levels of nutrients NOW make next year’s crop!
  • Pinch growing tips out on your fig trees to encourage growth to go into the fruit
  • Pinch tips, back to 1 or 2 buds beyond the beginning of all pruned new shoots on espaliered trees, to encourage fruiting spurs rather than loads of long shoots, regularly
  • Net and harvest ripening fruit
  • Watch moisture levels, check young trees carefully
  • Get a Reams Soil Test done urgently if not already done, to know how to feed your fruit trees by the middle of this month see below, get fert required urgently.. We have used EF:NanoCal and EF:SoilForce, but now using ramial woodchip
  • Now is the time to decide how you will store excess fruit to keep you out of the supermarket over winter. Get ready to go!
  • Now is a good time to decide how you will supply fruit tree nutrients and maintain tree health into the future….see Design Your Own Forest Garden and Design Your Own Orchard
  • Order your Vinevax dowels NOW so you can inoculate your trees against Silverleaf or heal it if you already have it in your trees, from AGRIMM if you have enough for a wholesale order or your local Farmlands who get them from AGRIMM Technology

 

FIRST QUARTER 10th January

Garden

  • Check water requirements
  • Check tomato and pepper maintenance. Getting it right now, will make a huge difference to your harvest this season See Koanga Garden Guide, or Knowledge Base on website
  • Foliar/soil drench (EF:CalPhos) feed three days before full moon if needed, especially heavy feeders such as tomatoes, and pumpkins and peppers
  • Prick out and transplant as necessary
  • Finish all planting not done in New Moon section
  • As you transplant your brassicas into your beds direct sow vetch seeds, or transplant seedlings to act as a leguminous ground cover to prevent weeds and support your brassicas
  • Dead head all old flower heads to keep plants flowering

Perennials

  • See New Moon section

Forest Garden

  • The energy in the trees is coming back up from the roots with nutrients to set buds for next seasons fruit
  • Ensure soil moisture levels facilitate nutrient movement
  • NOW is a good time to sort all of your silver leaf infected trees and or inoculate all the rest that could get infected.. all your pip and stone fruit. You can often see that you have silver leaf by the silvery leaves in Spring and Autumn however sometimes the fungal disease is there and you can’t see it unless you cut the branch off and see the black discolouring in the centre of the wood. We use Trico dowels, or dowels or plugs of wood inoculated with the Trichoderma spp that destroy the silver leaf fungi in the tree. You can buy them from Farmlands, instructions are on the bags. You will need a drill with a 6mm bit to drill the holes. The time to do this is after the Spring growth flush, now is a good time
  • Check moisture levels on all trees especially dwarf apples, dwarf pears, feijoas, young trees, kiwi fruit and citrus – all have shallow roots and hate drying out. Brown leaves, bad pear slug, bad cicada damage and serious bronze beetle damage are all very often symptoms of water stress, or actually nutrient stress because there is no moisture to allow the plant roots to pick up the minerals!
  • Last week to get nutrients on the ground for optimal fruit tree production next season… must be available by 15th January.
  • Observation of each fruit tree (record fruiting times and any issues) will help future planning and management
  • Check all fruiting trees for crop and health performance, will help make good decisions later
  • Begin bottling, drying, fermenting and storing fruit

FULL MOON 18th January

Garden

  • Water as required, especially just around the full moon as the plants are really wanting to grow
  • Feed if required three days before full moon
  • Keep up tomato and pepper maintenance
  • Spray Koanga Psyllid Solution for psyllid and or shield bugs, also look to see if your plants are water stressed or nutrient stressed
  • Sow root vegetables such as carrots, beetroot, parsnips, radish, daikon, turnips and swedes
  • Layer carnations
  • Plant bulbs in garden beds orchard or pots
  • Dead head dahlias and all flowers to keep them flowering

Perennials

  • Asparagus needs to be left to grow big fronds now, to photosynthesis and sequester carbon in the soil and grow stronger roots to send up shoots again next Spring. Water deeply, feed and mulch and let the tops grow tall. If you don’t want asparagus seeds germinating everywhere then remove all the fleshy orange seed balls. We put a string around the bed to prevent the tops falling all over other beds
  • Globe artichokes will be finished now, time to get a pair of strong loppers or a pruning saw and cut them back so young shoots can regrow to produce the next round of artichokes. You can divide the clumps once the shoots regrow, to make new plants, which will be exactly like the parent unlike the seedlings which are variable
  • Welsh bunching onions hate hot dry roots. Mulch them heavily and keep moist and fed top grow fast and amazing green onions for being harvested constantly. I mulched with ramial wood chip and they loved it.

Forest Garden

  • Watch for water and or nutrient stress, and take action, foliar feeding might help EF:Growth Foliar on leaves and EF:Soil Force and EF:Nano Cal on ground
  • Make a careful notes of when all your fruit ripens so that you know where the gaps are for future plantings, especially also note which trees are stressed and need extra mulch or nutrient support to enable a strong healthy crop next season
  • If you wish to take a break over winter, then now is the time to prune your fruit trees, as you finish harvesting the crop from each tree. 

LAST QUARTER 26th January

Garden

  • If you don’t already have a good garden plan then do it NOW. Use The Koanga Garden Planner if you need help to create a plan that gives you the vege you want to eat in an efficient regenerative way
  • If you do have a plan then check it carefully now to ensure you get all the seeds needed for Feb planting ready
  • Prepare beds,  prick out and transplant seedlings as they are ready, for late and autumn crops
  • Ensures all transplanted brassicas are covered with row crop cover or frost cloth to ensure the white butterflies don’t get to them and also to keep out of the high mid Summer heat. They love the cooler more shaded situation and with no white butterflies you will never have seen better plants
  • Continue watering 
  • Continue tomato/ pepper maintenance
  • Weed and aerate the surface of newly planted beds – 
  • Prepare ground for Autumn flowering annuals 
  • Harvest main crop garlic if not already out garlic, dry then clean and select your mother seed for next year

Perennials

  • Same as rest of month, have a rest from this section now

Forest Garden

  • Summer pruning can be done now on stone fruit after fruit comes off
  • Plan now for next season’s plantings. Get a copy of Design Your Own Orchard and the Koanga Design Your Own Forest Garden Booklet. These two will give you all the knowledge and skills to do your own design and planning to create something that is capable of regeneration of your backyard ecosystem and your health on every level. 
  • The Koanga Fruit Tree catalogue and also Forest Garden Support tree lists go live on the Koanga website in early February each year 
  • Summer prune stone fruit
  • Watch for branches breaking under the weight of a heavy crop, may need to thin or stake up or tie up branches
  • You will have loads of plums now, a good time to make vinegar., and bottle juice ( steam juicer) 
  • Chooks, ducks and geese all eat waste fruit