March Moon Calendar

MARCH 2022

NEW MOON 3rd March

Garden

    • Prepare, compost and feed if necessary, beds for Winter planting
    • A good time to collect seaweed and cow manure to use on brassica and celery beds and for any other gross feeders
    • Tomato, pepper and eggplant maintenance – mainly feeding and disease control. Stop delateralling tomatoes
    • Check grains for maturity and harvest
    • Plant seed for the winter garden such as cauliflower, cabbage, broccoli, kale, lettuce, onions, swedes, turnips, parsley, welsh bunching onions, silverbeet, chard, orach, celery, peas, miner’s lettuce and corn salad
    • Use neem oil on tomatoes and beans if necessary for shield bugs
    • Plant flowers for winter and spring colour such as calendula, heartsease, stocks, chamomile, hollyhocks, sweet William, forget-me-nots, columbine and verbascum
    • Plant early flowering Sweet Peas

Perennials

    • Leave them until the rains come then cut back, feed and mulch

Temperate Forest garden

    • Terminal bud set occurring then energy goes back down to roots
    • Irrigate all trees as required
    • Cut grass and release all trees planted previous Winter, in readiness for rain as well as to feed soil; fungi to feed roots as they become active again
    • Clean up herb banks and trim lavender
    • A good time to cut any coppicing trees in shelter or hedgerows for firewood or garden stakes
    • Make lists of tasks needing to be carried out in the orchard such as maintenance work on fencing, irrigation or drainage or this winter’s development before it gets too wet to carry out
    • Make a list to help organize winter planting and order any trees you need
    • Shifting nets to protect fruit from birds

 

FIRST QUARTER 10th March

Garden

    • Plant green manure and compost crops as beds become empty
    • Check moisture levels everywhere as plants grow very strongly over the full moon period only if they have the moisture and nutrients to do so
    • Foliar and root feed three days before full moon for maximum growth
    • Use liquid comfrey on tomatoes and peppers
    • Prick out and transplant seedlings
    • Sow heartsease and calendula for companion to garlic, onions etc over the winter

Temperate Forest Garden

    • Water subtropical orchard and apply fert to achieve strong autumn growth well before frosts
    • Coppice firewood and stakes from shelter hedgerows
    • last chance to get a Reams soil test, in time to apply fert at optimal time for tree health.. no use putting on fert when energy is in the tops of the trees and roots are dormant, some will be lost to tree roots and wasted

 

FULL MOON 18th March

Garden

    • Feed three days after full moon if necessary
    • Plant carrots, swedes, beetroot, radishes, daikon and turnips
    • Feed tomatoes and peppers if necessary
    • Harvest basil, tomatoes and peppers for processing

Temperate Forest Garden

    • Harvest and store apples and pears
    • Bottle, dry or make into jam, wine or sauces, pickles and chutneys any windfall or excess fruit
    • Plant spring bulbs in orchard herbal ley, keeping in mind the range of flowering times from the Erlicheers to the last daffodils
    • Attend to drainage, fencing and maintenance jobs before it gets wet, and after ground softens up after rain
    • mow and release trees , or manage geese to do it for you

LAST QUARTER 25th March

Garden

    • Prick out all the emerging seedlings for winter garden
    • Transplanting, weeding
    • Turn under catch crop flowering mustard or spray the beetles with neem oil
    • Check grain crops (quinoa, amaranth) for bird damage and maturity and harvest if necessary. If ready to harvest lay in a warm place in the greenhouse to finish maturing before threshing and winnowing
    • Watch drying corn for bird and rat damage, leave on plants to dry as long as possible then harvest and put in dry warm place to finish drying. You could pull the husks back and tie in twos and hang over loops of strong string to dry
    • Harvest and process peppers, tomatoes and basil. Keep the best to save seed
    • Harvest summer squash (not the long keepers), the first of the kumara and onions and keep the best for seed
    • Harvest main crop potatoes, saving egg sized tubers from the best plants for a seed crop
    • Harvest dried shellout beans and put in greenhouse to dry until crunchy when they can be jumped on and separated from pods
    • Harvest hulless pumpkin but do not remove seeds for several weeks
    • Finish lifting and transplanting spring flowering bulbs
    • Lift and plant rooted carnation layers in pots or fresh beds
    • Prepare ground and sow new lawns

Temperate Forest garden

    • Check all young fruit trees and shallow rooted trees for moisture stress such as citrus, feijoas
    • Feed citrus trees now
    • Summer prune last of the stone fruit which makes job easier in winter and there is less chance of disease
    • When harvesting fruit check all trees for size of crop, disease, other problems, so you can think about changes that need to be made over the winter
    • Shift nets over trees where fruit is ripening
    • Pick up all fallen fruit (or let chooks/ducks/pigs eat it) to avoid bugs over wintering

Berries

    • Thin inside growth of gooseberries and currants
    • Cut out old fruit rods of loganberries, black berries, boysenberries and raspberries, and tie new growth up