October Moon Calendar

FIRST QUARTER 28th September

Garden

  • Keep planting salad greens every month
  • Foliar feed before full moon
  • Major time for bed preparation and taking care of seedlings and newly transplanted seedlings
  • Continue transplanting out into beds all your seedlings, Koanga seeds packets tell you optimal spacings as does the Koanga Garden Guide.
  • Not sure which varieties of heritage plants to choose? Check out our corn, bean, pumpkin and tomato heritage vegetable selector charts to help you decide

Perennials

  • Quite a few of your perennials will be feeling the ground warming and will be sending up their first shoots, or actively growing (e.g. echinacea, stevia, bergamot, seakale, asparagus, strawberries, globe artichokes) and may need checking for slug and snail damage (especially stevia). Time to plants seeds for asparagus or Globe artichokes, or order your perennial starter packs here.

Forest Garden

  • Watch for water stress and try to avoid it by mulching and careful watering, time watering will be time not spent dealing with pests and other associated problems
  • Watch for Bronze beetle attack on apples, feijoas, and all trees that are likely to be water stressed. You may need to spray – garlic and pyrethrum will kill them because they eat the leaves but if you add Neem oil you will do a better job of stopping the new few generations as well
  • Good time to foliar feed for tree health

 

FULL MOON 6th October

Garden

  • Good time to foliar feed
  • Direct sow carrots and parsnips, radish scorzonera salsify.. you will never have a better time
  • Scatter sow into trays turnips, daikon, beetroot
  • Plant maincrop potatoes (onto comfrey and compost and cow manure etc),
  • Plant perennial root crops now jerusalem artichokes, yams, all tubers
  • If your waterchestnuts have not been planted into a tub or plastic lined growing trough then do it now. They need 20cm of water fed with lime and cow manure.
  • Plant kumara when the Pipiwharauroa puts a tail on his call, or danger of frost is over
  • Continue bed preparation, loads of work with seedlings, snail patrols
  • Pile up your carbon crops ready to make compost  see Koanga Booklet The Art of Composting
  • Collect all your composting materials to ensure compost capable of growing nutrient dense food..see above Booklet for details
  • Keep all planted beds weed free and aerated every week if possible on the waning moon
  • If your dahlias over wintered in the ground then now is the time to lift and divide and replant
  • Plant ginger and tumeric in your greenhouse or hot spot now

Forest Garden

  • Good time to foliar feed for health and fruit set
  • Moisture levels critical for shallow roots. If any of your trees are looking unhappy then carefully check their roots: are they too dry, are they repelling the water you’re putting on because they are too dry?
  • Time to plant seeds of legumes that are fast growing and could be planted out in late November eg tagasaste, tree medick
  • Time to shift energy back to the garden now

 

LAST QUARTER 13th October

Garden

  • Continue pricking out seedlings and transplanting, crops like pumpkins and cucumbers could go out under frost covers if necessary
  • Great time to be making compost
  • Slug and snail patrol at night a great idea
  • Good time to weed and aerate beds
  • Mound up or mulch heavily earlier plantings of potatoes, critical that you either mulch or mound up well to obtain heavy crops and avoid potato worms
  • Take care of all seedlings well

Forest Garden

  • Dig up comfrey root, cut into 3-5 cm pieces and plant into seedling tray to get roots before transplanting into orchard. If soil conditions are good you can directly plant the pieces of root straight into the ground now.. now is the time to order if wanting to buy either large leafed comfrey or evergreen comfrey
  • Make sure all the irrigation systems are working well now
  • Weed and feed comfrey borders and barriers, pull back kikuyu if this is a kikuyu barrier
  • Cut back canna lilly borders so they will come away strong as barriers for comfrey, they will grow better if fertilised at this point too
  • If it’s warm and the grass is growing well in the orchard then scything the grass will mean you can mulch your fruit trees. Weed eating the grass does not provide useable mulch, scything does.

NEW MOON 20th October

Garden

  • Last time to plant comfrey root cuttings
  • Prick out and transplant all seedlings ready to go into the garden
  • Prepare beds for late spring planting
  • Plant patches of mustard as a catch crops for shield bugs
  • Plant seeds for summer/autumn flowers, sunflowers, zinnias, cosmos, love lies bleeding, nicotiana, gaillardia
  • Plant more corn, beans, courgettes, cucumbers, late tomatoes, lettuce, basil etc
  • Check our Koanga Favourite Summer Greens Chart, and choose your favourites to plant now
  • Mulch as many of your vege beds as practical, especially pumpkins, tomatoes and peppers which are easy to mulch

Forest Garden

  • Check moisture levels under young trees and water where necessary
  • Mulch
  • Happy trees over Summer are dependant on having the nutrition they need and the moisture needed to maintain tree roots access to minerals.. Any pest or disease problems are a reflection of either of these missing or in short supply
  • Bronze beetles on feijoas, apples, pears indicate water stress
  • Mulch berry fruits and organise netting, and irrigation for best results
  • Time to clean up, mulch and replant any gaps in the subtropical orchard
  • Time to establish initial plantings (Abyssinian bananas, acacia pravissima and cultriformis) if a subtropical orchard is a future plan.
  • Fertilise and mulch and water if necessary bananas to get strong suckers
  • Use garden shark to cut off all black leaves and dead growth throughout subtropical orchard and mulch

 

FIRST QUARTER 28th October

Garden

  • Plant seed of all crops mentioned last week.. Last chance to plant tomatoes, they will grow very fast if planted now
  • Prick out and transplant seedlings, make sure you have loads of companion flowers going into the vege garden, zinnias, sunflowers, cleome, marigolds, bedding dahlias, cosmos, love lies bleeding, gaillardia
  • For seedlings to produce optimal results they must be well fed and actively growing all the time, learn to be a good observer…and to take timely action where needed.
  • Basil, alyssum and zinnias are great companions for tomatoes, plant them now
  • Give tomatoes weekly soil drench with EF:CalPhos for best results, if in less than ideal soil. We use top quality compost, and cow manure when planting together with bone and shell ash, and deep mulch with alfalfa and comfrey .. in soil that has high levels of biochar already
  • Apply liquid feed such as liquid comfrey, liquid cow manure by watering can to ground under tomatoes, peppers and any other plants needing a boost EF liquid ferts contain a carbon source to ensure the fertiliser is not unlocking soil carbon. High levels of soil biochar and humus will also prevent this happening
  • Harvesting flowers and herbs for drying
  • Decide how you’re going to manage blight in tomatoes and potatoes. Prevention is more effective than any way of sorting the problem once blight is there. Prevention is about nutrition… Koanga Balance is a mix of microbes that will help maintain plant health as well, although secondary to nutrition
  • Feed and water asparagus to keep it producing until Xmas

Forest Garden

  • Keep up the watering
  • Check for pest problems, spray if necessary
  • Remove any unwanted suckers from berry fruit,
  • Watch for breaking branches as early fruit swells, may need to thin fruit or prop up branches especially the Orion peach and Marabella plum
  • Chop up flowering Abyssinian bananas for mulch around subtropical orchard
  • Feed citrus to encourage strong healthy growth at this time