September Moon Calendar

Moon Calendar – September 2017

FIRST QUARTER 29th August

Garden

  • Sow any seeds you missed last week and take good care of all seedlings.. seedlings should be constantly growing to achieve high brix crops, if they aren’t they need something..!!
  • Watch for slug and snail damage, may need to do some night patrols
  • Prick out all seedlings as they emerge; as soon as second leaves appear
  • Weekly soil drench with EF CalPhos all seedlings in greenhouse to promote strong roots, healthy growth, and loads of microbial action, if required, my goal now is to use my own compost and vermicast in garden soil ti achieve great results but uf you don’t have those then EF:CalPhos is amazing
  • Preparation of garden beds very important – apply 2cm of compost to all beds just before planting, forked into top few centimetres, along with a good all purpose organic, highly mineralised and microbially active fertiliser EF: Nature’s Garden is a good one. Once your Calcium magnesium levels are up over 2000 kgs per hectare as shown on a Reams soil test you can swap your fertiliser to EF:Soil Force which adds the soft rock phosphate , the most needed minerals sfter calcium.. in plant root available forms..

Forest Garden

  • Make sure all citrus trees are well manured and mulched and you have a watering system in place for them
  • This is the last month to put on a good orchard fertiliser, if you have soil issues, lack of available calcium, or pest and disease problems. I recommend you put an application of EF”Soil Force, each September and each April for several years while you build up your own nutrient sources.
  • Foliar feed 3 days before full moon using products that will strengthen the health of trees to avoid later problems:
  • Buy your forest garden support species tree seeds now ready to plant once things warm up a bit

FULL MOON  6th September

Garden

  • Foliar feed seedlings to promote strength
  • Sow carrots, beetroot, parsnip, turnips , potatoes, daikon , radish , parsnip, salsify, and scorzonera 3 days after full moon
  • Transplant the last of your onion sets, any last garlic, tree onions or shallots or potato onions
  • Continue bed preparation and compost heap making
  • Remember to do a weekly bed aeration to ensure beds never grow big and seed
  • Plant perennial vege seeds such as asparagus, globe artichokes, Jerusalem Artichokes,
  • Order kumara tupu before you miss out or make sure you have your own kumara in sand somewhere warm to grow your own tupu

Forest Garden

  • Foliar feed any trees you think might need the extra strengthening, or health promotant, to avoid later problems
  • Finish mulching
  • Organize hoses and watering systems this month!

 

LAST QUARTER  13th  September

Garden

  • As your garden beds begin to dry enough to work in them, pull out compost crops, make compost heaps.. use the Koanga Art of Composting Booklet if you need some help.
  • Prepare beds by either double digging, U Barring or forking
  • Apply ½ inch of compost to top 10cm of bed soil, and / or EF: Nature’s Garden if needed.
  • Build cloches ready for early veggies
  • Take good care of seedlings.. weekly EFCalPhos if required to keep them motoring along
  • Get slug and snails under control
  • Harvest and dry nettle
  • Prepare and plant new asparagus beds
  • Prepare kumara beds. They prefer shallow soils with a hard pan 20-30cm under the surface, so do not double dig these beds.
  • Get your copy of the Koanga Garden Guide  to help support you with management decisions throughout the growing season that will encourage and support you to make decisions that are regenerative of the soil and our health.. rather than short term degenerative quick fixes!!

Forest Garden

  • Good time to plant citrus, tagasaste, other legumes as support species
  • Mulch all young trees before the grass is competing for moisture and nutrients
  • Divide and re-sow primroses in the orchard herbal ley (also polyanthus).
  • Mark all Spring bulbs that you’d like to dig up and spread around so you can find them later
  • Plant foxglove and mullein seeds to plant out as seedlings to naturalise in your forest garden.. they are companion plants for temperate forest garden trees

 

NEW MOON  20th September

Garden

  • Loads of pricking out seedlings as needed
  • Continually preparing beds as weather and moisture levels allow, making compost as you go. See The Art of  Composting Booklet
  • Plant all summer flowers requiring heat for germination i.e. Sunflowers, morning glory, gaillardia, , zinnias, cosmos, marigold, love lies bleeding, tithonia, nasturtium, and dahlia
  • Plant all early main crop veges (beans, summer squash, pumpkins, tomatoes, cucumbers for pickling and eating) into trays and prick out and transplant as ready.. check out our selector charts to ensure you get the best cultivar for your needs. 
  • Plant the last of the cool season Spring greens spinach lettuce, rocket, mizuna, Asian Mesclun Mix, PurpleMustard, Henry Harringtons Chinese cabbage, tatsoi, chard etc
  • See our favourite Spring Greens list for ideas
  • Plant your first early summer greens basil, tampala warmth into trays and prick out and transplant as required
  • check out our favourite Summer greens list
  • Last month to plant your cool season grain crops.. oats, barley, wheat, Essene Flaxseed… into trays by broadcast sowing over the entire tray leaving enough room for the seedlings to grow for 2-3 weeks and then transplant directly into the beds at diagonal spacings recommended on the seed packets.. or simply direct scatter sown into beds and cover from birds
  • In warmer areas scatter sow into seed trays amaranth, quinoa, millet, sorghum.. Or direct sow into beds as described on Koanga seed packets
  • Grains can be direct sown (scatter sown or even sown in rows) into beds but you will have to cover from the birds and getting the density optimal is quite tricky. The spacings recommended on our packets are many years of experience to obtain maximum yields.

Orchard

  • Last chance to sow seeds and ground cover herbs under fruit trees before it dries out

 

FIRST QUARTER 28th September

Garden

  • Keep planting salad greens every month
  • Foliar feed before full moon
  • Major time for bed preparation and taking care of seedlings and newly transplanted seedlings
  • Continue transplanting out into beds all your seedlings, Koanga seeds packets tell you optimal spacings as does the Koanga Garden Guide.

Perennials

  • Quite a few of your perennials will be feeling the ground warming and will be sending up their first shoots, or actively growing (e.g. echinacea, stevia, bergamot, seakale, asparagus, strawberries, globe artichokes ) and may need checking for slug and snail damage (especially stevia). Time to plants seeds for asparagus or Globe artichokes, or to order your perennial starter packs.

Forest Garden

  • Watch for water stress and try to avoid it by mulching and careful watering, time watering will be time not spent dealing with pests and other associated problems
  • Watch for Bronze beetle attack on apples, feijoas, and all trees that are likely to be water stressed. You may need to spray – garlic and pyrethrum will kill them because they eat the leaves but if you add Neem oil you will do a better job of stopping the new few generations as well
  • Good time to foliar feed for tree health